Analisis RCA: ekspor Malaysia vs Indonesia, ke pasar Amerika Serikat, 2010

Oleh Paramezwari Atila Sugandi, 1006690115

10 Produk dengan RCA Tertinggi, Ekspor Malaysia ke AS, 2010
Product code Product label RCA
’15 Animal,vegetable fats and oils, cleavage products, etc 1.0174
’80 Tin and articles thereof 0.8338
’18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0.6247
’40 Rubber and articles thereof 0.5497
’94 Furniture, lighting, signs, prefabricated buildings 0.3315
’85 Electrical, electronic equipment 0.2678
’84 Machinery, nuclear reactors, boilers, etc 0.1973
’90 Optical, photo, technical, medical, etc apparatus 0.1916
’03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic invertebrates nes 0.1483
’38 Miscellaneous chemical products 0.1346
10 Produk dengan RCA Tertinggi, Ekspor Indonesia ke AS, 2010
Product code Product label RCA
’67 Bird skin, feathers, artificial flowers, human hair 3.1007
’92 Musical instruments, parts and accessories 1.6890
’40 Rubber and articles thereof 1.2310
’62 Articles of apparel, accessories, not knit or crochet 1.1529
’61 Articles of apparel, accessories, knit or crochet 0.9721
’18 Cocoa and cocoa preparations 0.8996
’09 Coffee, tea, mate and spices 0.8266
’03 Fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic invertebrates nes 0.7109
’16 Meat, fish and seafood food preparations nes 0.6550
’46 Manufactures of plaiting material, basketwork, etc. 0.5776
Sumber data: Trademap, diolah oleh penulis

Berdasarkan perbandingan 10 RCA tertinggi dari Malaysia dan Indonesia, dua-duanya ke pasar Amerika Serikat pada tahun 2010, dapat dilihat meski satu wilayah, tetapi produk unggulan Indonesia dan Malaysia sungguh berbeda. Produk yang sama hanya tiga, yaitu Rubber and articles thereof (karet),  Cocoa and cocoa preparations (kakao), dan Fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic invertebrates nes (ikan, krustasea, moluska, invertebrata air dll) . Dalam ketinya, Indonesia memiliki RCA lebih tinggi, dan karenanya Indonesia memiliki competitive advantage atas Malaysia atas ketiga komoditas ini di pasar Amerika Serikat.

Secara umum, Indonesia juga memiliki competitive advantage yang lebih tinggi di pasar Amerika Serikat, karena komoditas yang RCA-nya bernilai lebih dari satu ada 4, sementara Malaysia hanya 1.  Meskipun begitu, dari segi produk, Malaysia sudah mengekspor barang hasil manufaktur seperti peralatan elektronik, mesin, peralatan optik dan medis. Hal ini menunjukkan indikasi industrialisasi di Malaysia. Sementara, Indonesia masih mengekspor komoditas yang bersifat hasil alam serta industri konveksi, dengan pengecualian alat musik dan bagian-bagiannya.

One thought on “Analisis RCA: ekspor Malaysia vs Indonesia, ke pasar Amerika Serikat, 2010

  1. mutiaraddini says:

    Is it correct if I conclude that in term of industrialization, Indonesia is still left behind compare to Malaysia? One point that came up after read your essay is should Indonesia focusing on Manufacturing or Agriculture. I am aware that in some point, agriculture is “old fashioned”. But from the case of Thailand, their agriculture is part of the factor to boost the economy in the country. But, manufacturing, in a way, is totally important to develop the country’s economy.

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